1) Do all kids with FAS have an intellectual disability?
No. Although FAS is a leading known cause of intellectual disability in the U.S., many individuals with FAS have an IQ in the average range. Studies have documented that the IQ’s of individuals with FAS range from 20-120.
2) Is there a treatment for FASD?
Although there is no known cure for FASD, there are many techniques and strategies used in working with individuals with FASD. FASD is not a condition that can be outgrown, but that does not mean there is no hope. Many documented techniques and strategies have been shown to positively impact the lives of people with FASD. Early intervention and recognition is the key.
3) I have heard that FASD causes temper tantrums, lying, cheating and stealing. Is that true?
FASD itself does cause these behaviors. We must look instead at what these behaviors are trying to communicate. If an individual lacks certain communication skills and an understanding of cause and effect, these behaviors may be the only the tool that the individual possesses to communicate frustration, discomfort and lack of understanding. Ann Streissguth (1996) has conducted a long-term study of the secondary disabilities associated with FAS.
4) Why do women choose to drink when they are pregnant when they know that alcohol can cause harmful effects?
Choice is not the issue for most women who drink large quantities of alcohol during pregnancy. Alcoholism is a progressive disease that can prevent a woman from maintaining a healthy lifestyle. Other issues that are a factor in alcoholism include domestic violence, including sexual, verbal, and physical abuse; lack of available resources; and lack of access to care.
5) Where can I find an FASD support group? How can I begin a support group in my area? How can I begin a support group in my area?
The National Organization on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (NOFAS) maintains a national directory.
6) Where can I get current and accurate information on FASD?There is a lot of up-to-date information about FASD online. A good source is the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) FAS Page.
7) I am considering adopting a child that has FAS. What would you recommend?
The adoption of any child is a personal decision, and while we can provide information on FAS, the decision is ultimately up to you. We recommend that you learn about FAS from a variety of sources and consider talking with a parent currently raising children with this condition. Finally, most families recommend building a strong personal and professional support network.